Drivers typically know the importance of an oil change, but do they know what kind of oil is being used for their cars? Here are the four most common types used in vehicles today:

Full Synthetic Motor Oil

This engineered oil has been formulated for vehicles that need a higher-performance motor oil. Additionally, it works more efficiently in high and low temperature extremes, which makes it ideal for vehicles located in the Midwest. It has higher viscosity levels and fights against oil slide build up, which means it can often last longer than the other options.

Synthetic Blend Motor Oil

A mix of synthetic and conventional oil, this blend still helps resist oxidation and does well in cold temperatures. It costs less than a full synthetic but still has many of those optimal properties, which is why it’s a popular option.

Conventional Motor Oil

Available in a wide range of viscosity levels, this type of oil is best for cars with simple engines and drivers who have routine or simple driving styles.

High Mileage Motor Oil

Specifically designed for older vehicles, it’s optimal for late models or newer vehicles with 75,000+ miles on it. Its unique formula helps reduce oil burn-off and prevent oil leaks that can occur in older engines.

The type of oil a vehicle needs is typically decided by the manufacturers through the rating system designed by the Society of Automotive Engineers. They classify the oil by viscosity, which is a fluid’s resistance to flow. Fluids like water have a low viscosity while thicker ones like honey have a high viscosity. Temperature can also affect the state of the liquids, so they are tested to see how they hold up in cold and hot extremes. If you live in a region with cold winters, then you will want an oil with 0W or 5W viscosity that’s less likely to thicken in the frigid temps. If you live in a hot region like the dessert, then you’ll need oil with 10W-30 so the oil doesn’t become too thin. An expert service center will know exactly what works for your vehicle and your region so your engine doesn’t struggle with the wrong type of oil.

If you’re in need of an oil change, our experts are ready to help and can typically complete that essential service in an hour or less. Superior Service Center has been serving the Southern Twin Cities metro since 1982 and can help you with all of your car repair needs.